Real-time audio, video, and data transmission are made easier via the Real-Time Messaging Protocol (RTMP). Its capacity to sustain low-latency connections makes it a crucial part of live-streaming technology.

Live streaming often operates as follows: A camera captures a live video stream, encoded and delivered to a video host or server online. The first mile is what is meant here. Following scaling and pushing over a Content Delivery Network (CDN), the processed feed is distributed over internet protocol to the user’s device. The stream would be sent to the Flash Player on the user’s end during this ‘final mile.’ But RTMP is no longer running the final mile since Adobe Flash Player was retired. The relay must now be handed off to another protocol.

But RTMP is still extensively employed for the first mile. It efficiently sends chunked, data-rich streams by dividing them into smaller units and transmitting each one across a different virtual channel. RTMP establishes a constant channel between the client and the server, enabling the protocol to send data packets as a carrier.

In just a few seconds, RTMP completes a three-step process to send the data packets:

  1. Acquisition:

The client sends three blocks of data to the server during the capture. The server is informed of the protocol used in the first block. A timestamp is included with the second.

After the server has confirmed that the first two blocks have been received, the third and final block is transmitted. The connection can be made once the third block has been successfully received.

  1. The Connection

The client and server exchange coded messages during the connection stage. Action Message Format is the connection’s code language (AMF). His dialogue aims to build rapport so that streaming may begin.

In essence, during this stage, a message sequence is used by the client and server to negotiate a connection.

  1. The Stream

The stream should be usable once the capture is finished and the connection has been made successfully. Although this procedure is intricate, the technology is built to make travel happen quickly.

How To Set Up RTMP?

An encoder (hardware or software) that supports Real Time Messaging Protocol is required to set up the protocol; an encoder is a sensing device that delivers feedback. And an RTMP server or online video platform (OVP), which broadcasts the stream to your audience, is required.

  1. Attach your video source (camera) to your hardware or software for RTMP encoding.

  2. Create a new live stream on your RTMP or OVP server

  3. Configure your OVP’s encoding parameters

  4. Enable RTMP delivery by entering the RTMP URL.

  5. Enter your stream name and RTMP URL in your encoder’s RTMP configuration settings.

  6. Check the live stream.

  7. Begin streaming

Video broadcasting and streaming protocols can be very complicated and technical area. Fortunately, video platforms keep the complexity hidden and give the end user a simple yet effective interface that lets you do anything you want with your live stream without impeding your creativity or accomplishing your objectives.

Why Use A RTMP Server?

Live streaming is a useful resource for establishments like businesses, schools, and other academic institutions. Many professional broadcasters use online video players with the tools you need to stream with little technical understanding.

Although most of the live streaming process is automated by internet video players, a lot happens behind the scenes. To make transmissions possible, several different protocols and systems come together.

One such protocol that facilitates and eases low-cost live streaming is the Real Time Messaging Protocol (RTMP). This protocol’s purpose has changed over time, but it is now largely used for RTMP intake, enabling users to utilize the many free or inexpensive live encoders available.

You can stream any content you want without limitations if you have a dedicated streaming server. Not even the occasional advertisements inserted into broadcasts on well-known platforms will show up on an RTMP server that belongs to you. The widespread use of live stream servers in gaming is not surprising.

Why Use An RTMP Server

What are the benefits of the RTMP protocol?

Because of its low latency, flexibility, and simplicity in integrating various media, RTMP is a widely used protocol.

In conclusion, the main advantages of RTMP are:

  • Low latency

  • Flexible

  • Easy to integrate different media

Low Latency

Stable video connections are ensured via low latency. Fast streams with no lag are advantageous for viewers of live-streaming content like webinars.


Due to the flexibility of the RTMP protocol, viewers can consume feeds in any order they like. RTMP feeds allow for skipping, rewinding, and joining after they have started instead of being required to be watched linearly.

Easy To Integrate

Users of RTMP can combine numerous media kinds into a single source. This indicates that combining text, audio, and video is feasible. Additional options for media channels are also possible. For instance, RTMP can broadcast audio streams in MP3 and AAC formats.

What are the primary difficulties with RTMP streaming?

RTMP is a useful protocol. However, it has drawbacks such as bandwidth problems, compatibility restrictions, and HTML5 support concerns.

In conclusion, the principal difficulties with RTMP streaming are:

  • Low bandwidth

  • HTTP compatibility

  • HTML5 support

Low Bandwidth

Due to RTMP streams’ limited bandwidth, the video feed is frequently interrupted. The viewer experience is ruined by choppy RTMP feeds, which is frustrating.

HTTP Compatibility

HTTP connections are incompatible with RTMP. An HTTP connection is a network channel that accepts HTTP requests continuously rather than shutting down after each exchange. Connecting to specific servers, such as Adobe Flash, and using a third-party content delivery network to access streams when using RTMP is necessary.

HTML5 Support

The latest standard for video streams is HTML 5 players. In contrast, RTMP is only supported by obsolete flash players. Without HLS converters, RTMP cannot be played on HTML5 players.

There is no doubt that RTMP has impacted the world. It is a helpful tool for organizations like businesses, schools, and other academic institutions. It also impressively makes low-cost live streaming easy and convenient.

RTMP will continue to be crucial for broadcasting and streaming media even if other equally important or better alternatives emerge.


Real-Time Messenger Protocol, or RTMP for short, is an online video protocol that has contributed to the development of streaming internet video in numerous ways.

To distribute video, audio, and other media assets for advertising, Macromedia designed it before being acquired by Adobe. RTMP was initially intended for streaming with Adobe’s Flash player and is frequently referred to as just “Flash streaming,” although this application is now largely outmoded.

The most widespread application of this protocol today, RTMP capture, involves communication between an encoder and an online video platform.

To stream audio, video, and data over the internet, Macromedia (Adobe) created a protocol based on Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) in 2002. The main purpose of the RTMP server was to make it possible for larger amounts of data to be transmitted without interruption, which was necessary for Adobe’s Flash Player to play videos. While Flash became unusable at the end of 2020, the majority of streaming services and encoders still accept RTMP as a first-mile contribution protocol (from an encoder to an online video host).


RTMP comes in 5 variations:

  • RTMP: The plain TCP- based protocol
  • RTMPS: is excellent for town halls and business meetings because it makes use of a secure SSL connection to reduce the risk of cloud-based streaming.
  • RTMPE: RTMPS is a more robust encryption layer than Adobe’s proprietary security encryption.
  • RTMPT: Wrapped with HTTP to get beyond corporate traffic filtering and firewalls.
  • RTMFP: uses UDP instead of TCP


What is RTMP Used For Or Why do we use it?

  • Low latency
  • Reduced buffering
  • Adaptive Bitrate Streaming
  • Fast-forward and rewind
what is rtmp

Low latency

The size of the pieces created by RTMP is dynamically agreed upon between the client and server. Due to the increased data transfer capacity, the stream’s latency is effectively reduced to 5 seconds. Glass to glass (from the front glass of the camera to the front glass of the viewer’s screen) latency is the interval between the time a live stream is recorded and the time it is displayed on the viewer’s screen. For streaming services that seek to draw in sports streaming and other time-sensitive use cases, achieving low latency is crucial for live event broadcasting and a never-ending issue.


Reduced buffering

In close connection with its low-latency capabilities, RTMP produces barely any buffering (the much-dreaded wheel that starts spinning over your frozen video image). A second round of buffering causes people to abandon a video experience, according to tests. According to research, 90 seconds is the maximum amount of time a viewer will put up with buffering (I commend those viewers for their patience. My maximum time is more like 15 seconds).


Adaptive Bitrate Streaming

Adaptive Bitrate Streaming, often known as ABS, balances a stream’s video quality and compression level with the user’s available bandwidth. This guarantees a pleasurable viewing experience on any device and network, and it also results in less buffering. Without buffering or freezing, ABS automatically displays the highest quality that a particular bandwidth permits. In ABS, RTMP technology is utilized.


Fast-forward and rewind

It’s actually quite a technological achievement to fast-forward or rewind video streams. This technology is also based on RTMP.



The key benefit of RTMP is that it keeps a constant TCP connection open between the video player and the server, providing the user with a dependable stream.

Publishing our RTMP Server Live Streaming to Facebook

It is possible to publish your live streaming services to Facebook using our Stream Targets function on the RTMP Control Panel. Our Stream Targets function on the RTMP Control Panel allows you to broadcast your live streaming services not just to Facebook, but also to various other social media platforms. You need to ask our customer support team to enable it. Open a ticket and you should have your stream connected to Facebook in the next few hours.

The process is straightforward, the customer support will enable your stream to target Facebook, on the image below instead of youtube, change to Facebook. actually in fact one of the advantages of our system is that it is possible to stream simultaneously to Facebook and to youtube at the same time, in fact, many other social media from a single broadcast from our RTMP Server.

rtmp to facebook live streaming

Save & Restart the service to apply the changes.
Open Stream Targets

Configure your new Live Stream and press Continue with Facebook when ready. A continuous live stream supports a stream of unlimited duration. Use cases for continuous live include live feeds of aquariums, museums, and zoos. (Before streaming using continuous live, please note that continuous live streams do not generate VOD, do not send notifications to followers, and do not collect video insights for peak concurrent viewers.).

Select where you wish to publish the video, your Timeline, or a Facebook Page.

Your stream should now begin publishing to Facebook

Publishing from our server RTMP to Youtube

Publishing from our server RTMP to Youtube

Using our Stream Targets function on the RTMP Control Panel, you can easily publish your live streaming services to a range of social media platforms, including YouTube, Facebook, or a number of other social media. To activate this feature, simply contact our customer support team by opening a support ticket. Once enabled, you can expect your stream to be connected to YouTube or your select social media within a few hours.

The setup process is user-friendly. Our customer support will configure your stream to target YouTube. As shown in the image below. A key benefit of our system is its capability to simultaneously stream to multiple platforms, such as Facebook and YouTube, from a single broadcast through our RTMP Server. This means you can reach audiences across various social media channels all at once.

Login to the RTMP control Panel, and Enable Youtube Stream Target under the configuration tab >> Wowza Stream Engine >> Stream Target
rtmp to youtube live streaming

Save & Restart the service to apply the changes.
Open Stream Targets

on youtube when you try to start live streaming they have to enable your live streaming, but you will need to be confirmed by phone, and then it takes 24 hours to activation.

You will need to enter the Server URL and Stream Key from

Select Streaming to software

now they will give you a rtmp and a key, copy this to the rtmp control panel

Enter a name for your target, select Youtube, and then Save Stream Target.

Save Stream Target
Press Reconnect